Endocrinology

Endocrinology is a specialty of Medicine, some would say a subspecialty of Internal Medicine, which deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the endocrine glands and tissues that secrete hormones.

What is the Endocrine System?

The human endocrine system consists of a number of glands. These glands produce and secrete hormones which control the body’s metabolism, growth, sexual development and function. When the hormones leave the glands they enter the bloodstream and are transported to organs and tissues in every part of the body. The following glands make up the Endocrine System :
  • Hypothalamus
  • Pituitary Gland
  • Thyroid Gland
  • Parathyroid Glands
  • Adrenal Glands
  • Pancreas
  • Testes
  • Ovaries


The most common Endocrine Disorders are:

  • Diabetes Mellitus: Occurs when the pancreas, a gland behind the stomach, does not produce enough of the hormone insulin, or the body can’t use insulin properly. Insulin helps carry sugar from the bloodstream into the cells. Once inside the cells, sugar is converted into energy for immediate use or stored for the future. That energy fuels many of our body functions.
  • Thyroid Gland Disorders: Thyroid hormones regulate our body’s metabolism and influence virtually every organ system in the body. They tell organs how fast or slow they should work. Thyroid hormones also regulate the body’s consumption of oxygen and production of heat. Thyorid problems such as an overactive or underactive thyroid, can severely affect metabolism.

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