Memory encoding may be influenced by expectation

A researchers suggest attention is not enough to remember the features of events accurately; expectation also plays a role. Blue image of a brain lit up.

The psychologists, from Pennsylvania State University (Penn State), report their findings in the journal Cognition.

Conventional theories about memory suggest attention is the main decider of what is held in working memory. For example, the object-encoding theory says we store all the information we observe about the object we pay attention to, and the feature-encoding theory says we are more selective.