What is endocrinology?
Endocrinology is a complex study of the various hormones and their actions and disorders in the body. Glands are organs that make hormones and these are substances that help to control activities in the body and have several effects on the metabolism, reproduction, food absorption and utilization, and growth! Hormones also control the way an organism responds to their surroundings and help by providing adequate energy for various functions.
An endocrinologist is a specially trained doctor who has a basic training in internal medicine as well. Some disorders like low thyroid hormone production or hypothyroidism deals only with an endocrine organ and an endocrinologist alone may detect, diagnose and manage such patients.
Yet other disorders may have endocrine as well and other origins like infertility and may need a deeper understanding of medicine on the part of the endocrinologist to identify and work in collaboration with another specialist like a gynaecologist in cases of infertility
Diabetes is one of the most common conditions seen by endocrinologists. This results due to inadequate insulin hormone secreted by the pancreas leading to excess blood sugar that damages various organs.
Endocrinologists treat diabetes with diet and blood sugar reducing medications, including insulin. They also work closely with patients to control blood sugar and monitor them so they can prevent health problems.